Pergola plans 10x16

Pergola plans 10x16 DEFAULT

If you are looking for a great way to add to big interest and function to your home landscape, make this the year you build your very own pergola.

The timeless look of a pergola compliments any style of landscape. All while adding a whole new level of functionality and dimension to your outdoor space.

Besides their intricate beauty, a pergola provides shade, shelter, and a quiet space for relaxing. It can also be the perfect spot for outdoor entertaining or dining. Even more, they can double as a great space to grow climbing roses, clematis, grapes and more!

But contrary to popular belief, a pergola doesn’t have to cost a fortune. Nor does building one require massive DIY skills. In fact, creating your own incredibly strong and beautiful pergola can be done in a day or a single weekend. And all for less than you think!

How To Build A Pergola

How To Build Your Own Pergola With Ease

Purchasing a pergola can be costly for sure. Some top end units run upwards of $3,000 to $5,0000 or more. And let’s face it, the flimsy “big-box” store versions made from lightweight resin, metal or plastic simply don’t hold up over time!

That is exactly why we chose to build our own pergola some 9 years ago. And in the process, found out that with a simple plan and material list and a few basic tools, we could create an attractive, strong, and durable pergola – all for a fraction of the cost!

barn pergola

In fact, we built our very first 10 x 10 pergola at the farm for just $150 in lumber. And it still looks as good today as it did back in 2011!

How To Build Your Pergola – The Simple Steps To Success

Over the years, we ended up creating quite a few more pergolas for friends, neighbors and family. Below, we share the simple secrets and tips we have learned over the years to create a beautiful structure that lasts. All of course, with keeping an eye on the budget!

Here is a look below at our biggest keys to success, step by step:

#1 Choosing The Right Lumber

Building a strong, attractive pergola all starts with choosing the right lumber. One thing we have learned is that 4″ x 4″ posts are simply not strong enough to hold up over time. Nor is wood that is 1″ inch thick or less for the top of the structure.

build a pergola

We use only 6″ x 6″ treated posts, and 2x treated lumber for building our pergolas. Although there are thinner and less costly options, the thickness of 2x lumber gives the piece massive long-term strength and durability.

As for what type of wood to use, we have found treated lumber to be the most economical and durable choice. By far! Cedar is an option, but the cost of cedar is astronomical. And in many cases, cedar will still warp and twist.

Treated lumber has come a long way in the past few years. It’s also extremely versatile. It can be left to weather to a natural grey patina, or painted or stained to match existing colors. And it builds one beautiful, strong and affordable pergola!

how to build a pergola

What Does It Cost To Build Your Own Pergola

As for approximate costs, it all depends where you live of course for the cost of lumber and supplies. With that said, on average, a 10′ x 10′ can be built for a few hundred dollars, while sizes up to 16 x 16” can be built for about $350 to $400. That is a huge savings for a structure that will last 10 years or more! (See : Old World Garden Step By Step Pergola Plans – Includes Material List Too!)

Building A Pergola – How It All Comes Together

A pergola is made up of 4 distinct parts: (4) posts, (4) header boards, purlins (the main crossing boards), and the top stringer boards. The number of purlins and top stringer boards will depend on how large of a structure you build, and how much shade you would like it to have.

inexpensive pergola

Starting with our material list, we always cut out all of the pieces first From there, we move on to assembly. It makes the process go smooth, and allows for better and faster assembly if the parts are all cut first.

Posts :

We use only 6 x 6 treated posts for strength and durability. Be sure to select the straightest posts in the pile at the lumber yard. It goes a long way in making the pergola easy to level and assemble.

The header boards are the double set of boards that attach to each side of the post. We secure ours with (2) 10″ bolts at each post. It takes a total of 8 bolts to attach all 4 header boards. With a basic jigsaw, decorative cuts can easily be cut into the ends.

We always use 2 x 8″ or 2 x 10″ boards for the header boards. They add strength and a beefy look to the finished pergola. You need a total of 4 header boards for a four post pergola.

Purlins

The purlins are the main crossing boards of a pergola. We use 2 x 6″ lumber for the purlins. This makes a huge difference! Many store-bought kits or commercial units skimp and use smaller boards. But 2 x 6″ boards add big strength to the piece.

To make the pergolas strong, we cut two notches that are 2″ deep on each end of the purlin with a jig saw. This is so they can fit down onto the header boards. It not only gives a beautiful finished look to the piece, but also eliminates the need for costly and unsightly hardware used to attach boards together. Again, the jigsaw can also be used to create decorative cuts on the end with ease.

build a pergola

Stringer Boards

Finally, for the top stringer boards, we use 2 x 4″ lumber and lay it flat on top of the purlins. Next, we screw them down into the purlins with 3″ screws. It creates a solid piece that won’t curve, warp or bend.

Putting It All Together

Once the pergola pieces are all cut, it is time to assemble. At this point, it is always a great idea to have a few extra hands around to help it go smoothly.

We have found it’s best to assemble the two posts and header boards on the ground. You can drill them out all at once, and put in the bolts. This way, each side of the pergola is complete

Once the posts are set, it is easy to slide on the purlins over the double header boards with the notches and space out to your desired location. Finally, the top stringer boards go on, and screws are driven down into the purlins to lock it all together.

It is a system that has worked like a charm for long term strength and durability. We love getting photos from all over the country from those using the plans to build their own. It really is an easy project to complete.

Securing The Pergola

The last secret is also one of the most important – and that is to be sure to secure the pergola firmly.

If you have an existing concrete patio, you can use plate anchors to secure each of the four 6 x 6″ post to the concrete. These anchors are available at most home improvement and hardware stores for about $25 to $30 each. But before fixing the plate anchors, it is important to clean your concrete patio to remove any grime/ dirt for good contact and adhesion.

For non-concrete applications, it is best to use longer posts and bury for strength. Always, of course, check with local utilities before digging to eliminate the threat of hitting buried power, gas or sewer lines.

The important thing is to definitely secure it!  If not, all it takes is one big windstorm to turn your beautiful little paradise into a pile of toothpicks!

concrete anchors

Here is to building your own pergola this year and adding big interest to your landscape! You can check out all of our DIY plans here on our DIY Plans Page. – Jim and Mary

Old World Garden Farms

As always, feel free to email us at [email protected] with comments, questions, or to simply say hello! To receive our 3 Home, Garden, Recipe and Simple Life articles each week, sign up for our free email list that is located in the middle of this article. This article may contain affiliate links.

Sours: https://oldworldgardenfarms.com/2020/02/27/build-a-pergola-plans/

10x16 Pergola Building Plans Recipes

10X16 PERGOLA PLANS FREE - PDF DOWNLOAD | HOWTOSPECIALIST ...
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May 24, 2020 - This step by step diy woodworking project is about 10x16 free standing pergola plans. This rectangular wood pergola has a modern design and it is budget friendly, so you can save a ton on money by choosing to make this on your own. May 24, 2020 - This step by step diy woodworking project is about 10x16 free standing pergola plans. This rectangular wood pergola has a modern ...
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Sours: https://www.tfrecipes.com/10x16-pergola-building-plans/
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10×16 Pergola Plans Free – PDF Download

This step by step diy woodworking project is about 10x16 free standing pergola plans. This rectangular wood pergola has a modern design and it is budget friendly, so you can save a ton on money by choosing to make this on your own. This pergola is easy to build and it features a sturdy structure with 6×6 posts. Remember that you need to read the local building codes before starting the construction, so you comply with the legal requirements.

I recommend you to invest in the best materials you could afford. Therefore, you should buy weather-resistant lumber, such as pine or cedar. Always take accurate measurements before adjusting the size of the components at the proper size. Drill pilot holes trough the components before inserting the wood screws, to prevent the wood from splitting.

Made from this plan

 

10x16 pergola plans

 

10×16 Pergola Plans – Step by Step

Building a 10x16 pergola

Building a 10×16 pergola

 

Materials

  • A – 4 pieces of 6×6 lumber – 8′ long POSTS
  • B – 4 piece of 2×10 lumber – 18′ long SUPPORT BEAMS
  • C – 6 pieces of 2×8 lumber – 12′ long SHADE ELEMENTS
  • D – 4 pieces of 6×6 lumber – 45 1/2″ long, 4 pieces – 36 1/4″ long BRACES
  • E – 13 pieces of 2×4 lumber – 18′ long TOPSLATS

Tools

Time

 

 

 

 

How to build a 10×16 pergola

Cut list 1

Cut list 1

First of all, you need to cut the components for the rectangular pergola. Make sure you measure twice and cut once. Mark the cut lines and get the job done with a miter saw.

Cut list 2

Cut list 2

Cut the rest of the components, as shown in the diagram.

Laying out the pergola - 10x16 pergola

Laying out the pergola – 10×16 pergola

Next, you need to layout the garden free standing pergola. Therefore, use string and batter boards to lay out the location of the posts. Measure the diagonals and make adjustments till they are equal. Moreover, you need to apply the 3-4-5 rule to each of the four corners, so you make sure they are right angled. It is also important to select the location for the shed and to comply to the local codes, of any. Remove the vegetation layer before setting the posts into place.

Fitting the posts

Fitting the posts

You can set the 6×6 posts in concrete or you can pour footings and secure them in place with anchors. Dig 2-3′ deep holes and 14″ in diameter and then compact a layer of gravel to the bottom. Fit the 12″ tubes and set the 6×6 posts into place (or fit the anchors). Use a spirit level to plumb the posts and then secure them into place with temporarily braces. Pour the concrete in the tube forms and let it dry out for several days.

Remember that in my case, the plans are designed considering you will lock the posts using anchors. If you plan to lock the posts in concrete, just add 3′ to all the posts.

Rafters

Rafters

Cut the support beams and the shade elements using the info from the diagram. Mark the cut lines to the beams and get the job done with a circular saw. Smooth the edges with sandpaper. You should notice that the components are made from different materials.

Remember that you can make different style cuts to the ends of the rafters. You cannot be wrong because it’s all up to your skills and imagination.

Fitting the support beams

Fitting the support beams

Align the 2×10 support beams to the posts then clamp them into place tightly. Use a spirit level to plumb the posts and to check if the beams are perfectly horizontal. Drill pilot holes through the 6×6 posts and through the beams. Insert 9″ carriage bolts (two for each joint) and lock everything tightly. Make sure the beams are horizontal and check if the corners are square

Fitting the rafter supports

Fitting the rafter supports

The next step of the project is to build the 2×8 beams to the pergola, as shown in the diagram. Leave 12″ overhangs on both ends of the beams. Clamp the beams to the posts, drill pilot holes and insert 3 1/2″ screws. Fit the middle beams into place with rafter ties. The beams will support the rafters.

Braces

Braces

Use 6×6 lumber for the diagonal braces. Use a miter saw to make 45 degree cuts to both ends of the braces.

Fitting the braces

Fitting the braces

Fit the braces to the pergola, as shown in the diagram. Drill pilot holes through the beams and insert 3 1/2″ screws to lock them into place. Drill pilot holes through the braces and insert 5″ screws into the posts. Before setting the braces, plumb the posts with a spirit level.

Top rafters

Top rafters

Fit the 2×4 shade elements to the top of the square pergola and place them equally spaced. Drill pilot holes and insert screws to lock them tightly to the support beams. Alternatively, you should use rafter ties to lock the components together tightly. You can adjust the size between the shade elements, so you let more or less light to the covered area.

Cut a piece of wood at 9 1/4″ and use  it as spacer, so you can get even gaps between the rafters.

How to build a 10x16 pergola

How to build a 10×16 pergola

This large rectangular pergola is from my point of vie the perfect compromise between area and costs. Therefore, there will be enough shade so you can hang out with family and friends during the weekends, as well as serving coffee on the chill summer mornings.

10x16 Pergola Plans - side view

10×16 Pergola Plans – side view

Last but not least, you need to take care of the finishing touches. Fill the holes with wood putty and then smooth the surface with sandpaper. Apply a few coats of paint or stain to enhance the look of the components and to protect them from the elements. Since you are here, you might as well take a look over the 10×12 pergola plans.

10x16 Pergola Plans

10×16 Pergola Plans

This 10×16 pergola is large enough for creating a really nice relaxation area in the backyard. With so much space you can fit a table, a few chairs and even a sofa. If you like my project, don’t forget to SHARE it on Facebook and Pinterest. See my other pergola plans, as well, for more building inspiration.

 


Get PDF Plans

 

Thank you for reading our project about free 10×16 pergola plans and I recommend you to check out the rest of the projects. Don’t forget to LIKE and SHARE our projects with your friends, by using the social media widgets. SUBSCRIBE to be the first that gets our latest projects.

Sours: https://howtospecialist.com/outdoor/pergola/10x16-pergola-plans-free-pdf-download/
How to Build a Pergola

10×16 Pergola Plans


This step by step diy project is about 10×16 pergola plans. I have designed this rectangular pergola, after I got a request from a reader. This pergola features a minimalist but stylish design, so it can match the look of any property. Take a look over the rest of my woodworking plans, if you want to get more building inspiration.

When buying the lumber, you should select the planks with great care, making sure they are straight and without any visible flaws (cracks, knots, twists, decay). Investing in cedar or other weather resistant lumber is a good idea, as it will pay off on the long run. Use a spirit level to plumb and align the components, before inserting the galvanized screws, otherwise the project won’t have a symmetrical look. If you have all the materials and tools required for the project, you could get the job done in about a day.

 

 

Projects made from these plans

 

 

10×16 Pergola – Free DIY Plans

Building-a-10x16-pergola

Building-a-10×16-pergola

 

 

 

It’s that simple to build your 12×16 storage shed!

 

 

 

 

How to build a 10×16 pergola plans

Laying-out-the-posts---10x16-pergola

Laying-out-the-posts—10×16-pergola

The first step of the pergola project is to layout the posts. Use batter boards and string to layout the location of the posts. Apply the 3-4-5 rule to every corner and then measure the diagonals to make sure they are perfectly equal. You need to make adjustments until you get the desired result.

Posts

Posts

Dig the holes 3′ deep (or under the front line) and about 12-16″ in diameter. Compact a layer of gravel to the bottom of the holes and then fit the tube forms. Fit the posts, align them and plumb them with a spirit level. Fill the forms with concrete, while the posts are locked into place with temporarily braces. If you use anchors, you need to align and set them into concrete. Fit the posts after the concrete dries, using lag screw.

Smart tip: Read the local building codes, so you dig the holes at the appropriate depth.

Support-beams---pergola

Support-beams—pergola

Use 2×8 lumber for the support beams. Make decorative cuts to both ends of the beams. You can use a large circular item so you can draw the curved lines. Get the job done with a jigsaw and then smooth the edges for a neat result.

Fitting the support beams

Fitting the support beams

Fit the support beams to the top of the posts. Use a spirit level to plumb the support beams and then clamp the beams into place tightly. Drill pilot holes through the beams and through the posts. Insert the 9″ carriage bolts and then tighten the nuts.

Building-the-pergola-rafters

Building-the-pergola-rafters

Use 2×6 lumber for the shade elements. Mark the cut lines and then get the job done with a saw. In addition, you need to make a few 2″ deep notches, so you can fit the shade elements to the support beams. Mark the cut lines on the beams and then use a circular saw to make parallel cuts. Use a chisel to remove the excess and then smooth the recess with sandpaper.

Fitting-the-rafters

Fitting-the-rafters

Fit the shade elements to the support beams. Place the shade elements equally spaced and then lock them into place with rafter ties. Alternatively, you could drill pilot holes through the shade elements (above the notches) and insert 5 1/2″ screws so you can lock them into place tightly.

Building the braces

Building the braces

Use 6×6 lumber for the braces. As you can easily see in the diagram, you need to cut out a decorative curve inside the braces, so you get a professional result.

Fitting the braces

Fitting the braces

Fit the braces to the pergola and make sure the corners are square. Drill pilot holes and insert 5 1/2″ screws to lock them into place tightly.

Fitting the top slats

Fitting the top slats

Fit the 1×2 slats to the top of the pergola. Place these slats equally spaced for a professional result. Center the slats to the rafters and then drill pilot holes, before inserting the 1 5/8″ screws.

10x16 pergola plans - side view

10×16 pergola plans – side view

Last but not least, you need to take care of the finishing touches. Therefore, fill the holes with wood putty and then smooth the surface with 120-220 grit sandpaper. You can also fit braces, if you live in a windy area. Apply a few coats of paint or stain over the components, to enhance the look of the pergola and to protect the components from decay.

10x16 pergola plans

10×16 pergola plans

This rectangular pergola will add value and an exquisite look to your property with a small investment.

10x16 pergola plans - top view

10×16 pergola plans – top view

This pergola provides plenty of space for setting several chairs, an outdoor sofa and an outdoor table. You can even cover the pergola of you want to obtain even more shade, especially during the hot summer days. Check out the rest of my pergola plans, as I have many designed and sizes you can choose from.

 

 

This woodworking project was about 10×16 pergola plans free. If you want to see more outdoor plans, check out the rest of our step by step projects and follow the instructions to obtain a professional result.












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10x16 pergola plans

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10x16 Pergola Plans Free

10x16 Free Standing Pergola Plans

This step by step diy woodworking project is about 10x16 standing pergola plans. This rectangular wood pergola has a modern design and it is budget friendly, so you can save a ton on money by choosing to make this on your own. This pergola is easy to build and it features a sturdy structure with 6×6 posts. 1 PDF file with full plans, full cut and shopping lists!

Remember that you need to read the local building codes before starting the construction, so you comply with the legal requirements. This pergola is made out of wood and it features a simple design. This garden pergola will create some shade to your backyard. This pergola makes for the perfect spot for a table and a few chairs.

Included in the plans:

  • *Step by step diagrams
  • *Step by step Instructions
  • *Full Cut list
  • *Full Shopping list
  • *Full Tool List

Measurements are in imperial. The plans are for personal use only. HowToSpecialist or the its legal owners won't be liable for any loss, damage or injury arising from the use of information on this plan. It is your responsibility to make adjustments to the plans, to comply with your local building codes.

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